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8. Cipoia C. T. Philbrick, Novelo & Irgang

Cipoia C. T. Philbrick, Novelo & Irgang, Syst. Bot. 29: 113 (2004).

Roots thread-like and usually laterally flattened, branching; stems arising from lateral margins of  root, usually in opposite or subopposite pairs, unbranched, (0.1--) 2 (--3.5) mm long, with hardened leaf remains below and a tuft of leaves at the tip. Leaves filamentous, (2)3 times forked or rarely simple, (3.8--) 10 (--20.4) mm long, ultimate segments linear to spatulate, stipule as boat-shaped extension of the leaf base. Spathellas club-shaped, (0.9--) 1.7 (--2.7) mm long, splitting irregularly from top. Flowers 1 (--3) per shoot, remaining within spathella during anthesis; borne on gynophore which elongates during anthesis and exceeds the pedicel; pedicels minute, shorter than spathella; tepals one each side of the stamen filament; stamen 1; filaments elongating during anthesis and projecting from ruptured spathella; anthers dehiscing introrsely; pollen in dyads. Capsules borne within spathella, ellipsoidal, each 3-ribbed, 2-locular, valves equal, the sutures thickened; stigmas equal, simple. Seeds unknown. One sp., C. inserta C. T. Philbrick, Novelo & Irgang, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Subfam. Podostemoideae

Cipoia inserta. A Fragment of root bearing two subopposite shoots, each with an unopened spathella (5 mm). B Flower at anthesis emerging from the spathella (2 mm). C Preanthesis flower with spathella removed (1 mm). D Capsule showing suture and three ribs (5 mm).

Cook & Rutishauser 2007

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